The Crocodilia order comprises large, solidly built, lizard-like reptiles with long, flattened snouts, laterally compressed tails, and eyes, ears and nostrils at the top of the head. Their evolutionary beginnings date back to the early Triassic period more than 250 million years ago. They are semi-aquatic, and are the world’s largest living reptiles, with some individuals reaching 6m in length and weighing almost a tone. In Sri Lanka, Crocodilia is represented by one family, the Crocodylidae. This family comprises 15 extant species distributed in the tropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australasia, and the Americas. All species are predators of small to large prey. Two species occur in Sri Lanka, and some large individuals may pose a danger to humans and livestock. All species link to wetlands such as rivers, lakes, dams, and mangroves. They are oviparous, lay large, soft-shelled eggs in mounds or holes dug in the ground.

The sizes of crocodiles differ significantly. It depends on the type of species as well as where they live. It relies upon the sort of species just as where they live. There are 23 known types of them found on the planet. What is truly wondrous is that crocodiles have been around since the origin of time. It is accepted that they were roaming around on Earth during the hour of dinosaurs. While most different kinds of creatures have experienced serious changes because of evolution in order to remain they are virtually unchanged after all that time. It is calculated that they are more than 200 million years old.

Despite the fact that crocodiles are quite often quiet they can make a few snorts and misery calls. Actually, they are accepted to be the most vocal of all reptiles on the planet. It is accepted that they have in excess of 20 messages that they can send to and from among their species to communicate. They live disengaged lives and appear to do very well in any give condition. They are exceptionally sharp creatures with an excellent memory. They have been noted to come back to territories that they were taken from years after that happened.

Crocodiles are awesome hunters – standing by cautiously for the correct minute to give the prey a shock with their assault. The jaws pretty much rule out blunder. They have amazingly sharp teeth that they use to shred their prey with. They frequently begin to rip it apart while it is still alive. The most orders one out there lives in Australia and is believed to be around 130 years of age.

For some people, there is no affection lost with regards to crocodiles.most people don’t care for the manner in which they look. They are regularly depicted as malicious and as awful creatures. All things being equal, there are a few areas where they are very much ensured. Anybody discovered hunting them can be fined, set in a prison, or both.

There are still lots that we don’t completely comprehend about crocodiles. This is a piece of what keeps on making them so interesting to analysts. They do have one of the most mind-boggling groups all things considered. However, it is one that keeps on permitting them to endure. Something they have had the possibility to accomplish for as far back as 200 million years.

These two species of crocodiles live in Sri Lanka.

  1. Saltwater Crocodile Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus )
  2. Mugger Crocodile (Crocodylus palustris)

DIET

Crocodiles are ambush hunters, waiting for fish or land animals to come close, then rushing out to attack. As cold-blooded creatures, they can survive long periods without food, and rarely need to actively go hunting. Despite their slow appearance, crocodiles are top predators in their environment and various species have been observed attacking and killing sharks. Crocodiles mostly feed on vertebrates like fish, reptiles, and mammals, sometimes with invertebrates like mollusks and crustaceans, depending on species.

Crocodilia Species

There are 23 peculiar crocodile species that have been identified. They are discovered everywhere throughout the world – in both saltwater and freshwater. If you have an enthusiasm for crocodiles it can be enjoyable to investigate the different species one by one. Here are some basics about some of the varieties for you to get begun with.

They have a place with a family known as Crocodilia. This includes crocodiles as well. Be that as it may, there are a lot of differences. Indeed, even so, the crocodile is regularly confused with the gator. They are discovered in many of the same zones so if you don’t know what to look for you can surely end up mistaking them.

Crocodiles are famous for their capacity to swim rapidly in the water. They can move around 20 miles for an hour when they have to. They can breathe underwater makes it very simple for them to be submerged most of the time. They see this as the most ideal approach to snatch their prey and to bring them down without being noticed.

They can bring down exceptionally little prey or amazingly large mammals. The juvenile crocodiles eat insects, frogs, and small birds. As they get bigger they will proceed onward to rodents, deer, cattle, sheep, and even wildebeest and water buffalos. It is stunning what they can eat because of the nature of their jaws and teeth.

crocodiles have additionally been known to eat people however just on uncommon events. It isn’t accepted that they chase for people however that they will devour people but that they will consume them if they are starving enough and they are in the same range. They rarely are on the pursuit of food but rather just wait for it to show up. Since they are by the water they get a lot of access to creatures that go along to get water.

Crocodiles don’t move very fast at all on land. They have short legs and this procedure can consume them of their energy. They do go to land however to absorb the sun and to lay their eggs. The females can lay up to 100 eggs relying upon the species. It is fascinating that the sex won’t be resolved until some other time. As opposed to the chromosomes deciding it, the temperatures of the eggs do. The warmer they will be almost certain they will be male.
crocodiles are doing great in the wild disregarding human interferences. Others, however, are in danger of elimination because of their natural surroundings being removed. That combined with heavy hunting is significantly decreasing their numbers. The Cuban Crocodile is one that is at the greatest hazard right now.

The skin of crocodile species is textured and scaly. This shields them from the hot daylight. It is additionally an essential motivation behind why they are strongly pursued. The use of this skin to make belts, clothing and even purses is very common. Others are killed due to the sport being a pleasure for some people. Of course, the fear that many people have when it comes to these creatures also ends in the killing.

There are a lot of crocodiles farms out there, however where people pay to go see these creatures. They don’t feel a similar kind of terror as when they see them in nature. Together it helps with satisfying their desire to see them, all things considered. Crocodiles do very well in captivity. Notwithstanding where they live the life expectancy can be from 70 to 100 years.Regardless of where they live the lifespan can be from 70 to 100 years.

Reproduction

IMG_6204 Crocodile Behaviour Mating

 

during the mating dance Males begin by bellowing above water while creating low-frequency infrasound. Males may also slap their snouts on the water, blow water from their noses or display certain arched postures. At closer ranges, they may release an oily musk, which floats on the surface of the water, to further attract the female. The male leads the dance, The pair is in constant interaction during this period. The larger males of a population tend to be more successful. Once a female has been attracted, the pair warble and rubs the underside of their jaws together.

Reproduction unit of CROCODYLIDAE (CROCODILES)

 

Skull Morphology

skull morphology CROCODYLIDAE (CROCODILES)

The length of the snout is a very tell-tale sign of what kind of croc you have. Right are the skulls of Caimaninae, Alligatorinae, and Gavialidae

The Skeleton

 




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